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The Lowdown: Australian Copyright Laws

Ready to learn?

Let’s start with what is copyright? Basically it is how a creator can protect their labour and creativity legally and can sometimes extend beyond economic loss however there are some differences between design and general copyright protection:

  • Protection under the Designs Act 2003 (Cth) requires a formal application for registration before rights are obtained. Before you can pursue anyone for infringement of a registered design, it must be examined and certified by the Registrar. Unlike enforcing copyright, which does not require any formal registration or certification process.
  • Design registration requires a  fee whereas copyright protection is automatic and free (yay!).

Copyright Protection

What must be met for copyright protection:

  • Product meet the definition of ‘artistic work’ (such as a painting, a  drawing, sculpture or work of artistic craftsmanship).
  • The work must be in material form. This means it cannot be a mere idea or theory.
  • The product must be original, artistic work, meaning  the work cannot be copied from another person. If you are claiming copyright for it, it must come from you.

If your work/product meets the above then registration for copyright is not necessary as it is automatic. Keep in mind though, you will need to have proof that the work is originally yours so things like progress images, prototypes etc. help disputes of copyright ownership. After all, there’s no point getting the law involved if you can’t prove your background and claim is legitimate.

Design Protection

An important thing to note is the differences between design and copyright protection:

  • This protects a product’s appearance but not it’s function.
  • However if the function is related to a product’s appearance will not disqualify it from registration.
  • It must be distinctly different to existing product designs publicly used in Australia, or published in a document anywhere.

Important Things To Note

  • Unless dual protection (copyright and design protection) is possible, copyright protection is lost when a design is registered.
  • Once a product has been reduced at industrial quantities, copyright protection is lost and it is also no longer possible to register the design.

Digital: Best Software for Producing Music

Alright! So you want to try your hand at producing music, you’ve got your basic gear but what  about the software? DAWs (Digital Audio Workstations) are a type of software that basically works as a blank space in which you can drop your audio and start playing from there! But this type of thing can also be fairly pricey so this list will give you a healthy spending range no matter how deep that wallet of yours is:

Ableton Live

Experience level: Moderate – Expert

This one is pricey, I’ll admit but for those who are in it for the long run, this is quite worth it. It has unlimited multi-track recording, seamless MIDI sequencing software and hardware and no uh… troubles with their MIDI controllers getting mapped to the sounds through the DAW. Oh and another big bonus; sound packages ARE included!

Avid Pro Tools

Experience level: Expert – Pro

A more or less industry standard, you can compose, record, mix, edit, master, etc. its own Avid Audio Engine which gives you some dang fast processing with the addition of a 64-bit memory capacity for lag/freeze-free sessions.

Propellerhead Reason

Experience level: Kinda Beginner – Kinda Pro

A fairly zippy piece of software, that’s about half the price of Avid Pro, drag and drop-able for your convenience and even includes amp and speaker plug-ins for those of you who want to record and drop in your own guitar sound bites. And a bonus for the lazier of us; auto trimming wooh!

Sony Acid

Experience level: Beginner – Nostalgic

An oldie but a goodie, many of us started on this one so it’ll always have a special place in our hearts. This is where the beginners can learn, with a fairly intuitive interface and, although the older version were a little uncooperative with the MIDIs, nowadays they’ve fixed that up pretty well making it a solid tool for beginners all the way up to the experts.

PreSonus Studio

Experience level: Moderate – Semi Pro

Something that has all the essentials is PreSonus, it’s your very own all-in-one workstation with MIDI, VST, buses and FX channels, drag-and-drop (of course), mastering integration, unlimited tracks and more. If you feel you’re getting more serious but still want to keep things relatively simple then this is a good choice.

Digital: Adobe to “End-of-Life” Flash by 2020

Adobe has announced that the Flash Player will be phased out by the end of 2020, effectively “killing” the plugin.

“Specifically, we will stop updating and distributing the Flash Player at the end of 2020 and encourage content creators to migrate any existing Flash content to these new open formats,” said the company in a statement.

Until then, Adobe will still be working with Apple, Facebook, Microsoft, Google and Mozilla to support Flash content.

Adobe said it would be focusing on other open standards, such as HTML5 and WebAssembly.

Flash has been struggling for years with security concerns and hacking problems, with Adobe being unable to provide security updates fast enough to keep users safe. In 2015, Adobe replaced Flash Professional software with the more HTML5-focused Adobe Animate, five years after Steve Jobs complained about Flash’s security and performance issues.

Event/Exhibition: Video Junkee 2017, Sydney

Aspiring content creators and video fans won’t want to miss this event.

Video Junkee 2017 is a two-day festival celebrating the Golden Age of video, featuring a series of talks, panels, screenings, masterclasses and awards that brings together international and Australian content creators.

The line-up of speakers includes Yael Stone (Orange is the New Black), Raphael Bob-Waksberg (BoJack Horseman), Ashly Perez (Buzzfeed), Marc Fennell (The Feed), and the crews of Cleverman, Skitbox and many more.

Tickets start from $19 for individual sessions and $89 for multi-pass packages. For more information, visit Video Junkee website.

July 28-29 | Carriageworks, 245 Wilson Street, Sydney

Digital: Spotify is Testing Out ‘Sponsored Songs’ Program

Spotify is testing ‘Sponsored Songs’ program that allows labels to promote individual songs to non-paying users, the company has confirmed.

Unlike the regular ads, which appear on banners, Sponsored Songs are integrated into playlists that users follow. Users can opt out of this through a setting both on desktop and in-app.

If the test program is successful, Sponsored Songs could be rolled out officially to users on free tier, the company told TechCrunch. However, it remains unclear if the opt-out setting will still be available to non-paying users.

The program is an extension of Spotify’s effort to add more revenue streams. Since last year, Spotify has allowed brands to sponsor playlists, allowing them to add a logo and video ads.

With 140 million active users, Spotify earned a $US3.3 billion in revenue last year, but it still recorded an operating loss of $US389 million.

Digital: Google Launches Siri’s Competitor on iOS

To compete with Apple’s Siri, Google has launched Assistant for iOS at its I/O developer conference on Wednesday.

The AI-powered voice assistant was first introduced on the Pixel phone, and is currently used in over 100 million devices. Users can interact with Assistant through by voicing commands, typing queries, or taking a picture.

Currently, Google Assistant only supports English language, but upgrades for German, French, Japanese and Brazilian Portuguese are expected to arrive soon.

Google Assistant is now available to download at App Store.

Digital: Instagram Launches New Web and Mobile Features

Instagram has rolled out new features into its website in an attempt to expand to areas with slow networks and inaffordable data.

Users can now share pictures and use the Explore tab on the platform’s mobile and desktop websites. Picture uploads feature is also available on the mobile site. However, some features such as video uploads, filters and Stories are still unavailable outside the app.

“Instagram.com (accessed from mobile) is a web experience optimized for mobile phones,” the company told TechCrunch. “It’s designed to help people have a fuller experience on Instagram no matter what device or network they are on.”

The upgrade is a tie-in of Instagram’s global growth strategy targeted at 80 per cent of the user base outside the US.

Digital: Best Platforms for Website

These days, everyone can build a website – but not all platforms are made equal. Web platforms vary in their templates, features, functionality, ease of use and cost – thus, each comes with its own pros and cons. Here are Studio 22’s version of best web platforms on the Net, and the pros and cons of using them:

Squarespace

Established in 2004, Squarespace arguably has the most beautiful templates in the Internet, with understated elegance and emphasis on visual/imagery content. Squarespace also allows you to customise the template – and the more adept you are in coding, the more you can alter the template to your liking. Squarespace is suitable for people in creative professions, such as designers, photographers, event organizers, bloggers and more. But there’s a catch: it’s more expensive compared with other platforms, with prices starting at US$12 per month. New users can get a 14-day free trial.

 

WordPress

As one of the most popular platform on the net, WordPress offers an extensive range of free and premium templates. WordPress is also simple and easy to use, even for beginners. The cost to use is generally pretty low, too. However, because a lot of people are using the platform, your website may end up looking generic. Customising the template can also be quite difficult if you have minimum coding experience.

 

Wix

With hundreds of templates for all kinds of industries, Wix provides a lot of advantages for users – such as easy-to-customise templates, user-friendly interface, options for additional Apps/plugins, and affordable prices. Furthermore, no coding knowledge is needed, as users can just click and drag to change the website’s look. However, if you require custom domain, you can’t get it from outside sources – getting premium membership at Wix is the only option available. You also need to back up your content before changing your template, which is impractical.

 

You can also explore other web platforms such as Weebly, Tumblr, Blogger and more.

Digital: What is SEO, and Why is It Important?

You may have heard the term, but do you actually know what SEO is? Why is everyone using SEO, and what can it do to your website? Here is a simple explanation of what SEO is and how it works.

What is SEO?

SEO, or Search Engine Optimisation, can be understood as a technique to ensure that a website can appear / be found in search engines organically (non-paid) using relevant key words and phrases. This way, when people search the relevant terms online, they can find your website without any hassle, improving visibility and the chance of increased visitors and web traffic.

For example, if you have a graphic design business based in Sydney, you can optimise your website by ensuring they use search engine-friendly lines that customers would search for, such as “graphic design agency Sydney” etc.

How does SEO work?

Before understanding how SEO improves website’s visibility, it is important to understand how search engines work: Search engine crawls or scans over your website from page to page, indexes the words and phrases to assign them to particular key words, and then calculates the relevancy of each page.

This is where SEO comes in. SEO works by incorporating search engine-friendly textual elements into the website. This means including key words into the website elements, such as URLs and meta tags, as well as in the on-page content, such as articles and blog posts.

Tips

It is important to remember that this does not necessarily mean stuffing key words everywhere, but rather using them meaningfully in quality content. People may come for the key words, but they stay for the content.

Also, make sure that the search queries you are using are pertinent – that is, your target customers actually use these terms to search for your products and services. Research your customers’ habits and needs before you start picking key words.

You can start learning SEO with the thousands of resources available on the Internet, or hire an SEO service for long-term campaigns and other in-depth projects.

Event/Exhibition: Data Girls Workshop

Take part in improving women’s representation in STEM by joining this workshop.

Data Girls, presented by Keboola’s DataDriven, is a workshop that offers an introduction to data analytics and business intelligence exclusive to women. The program aims to provide an overview of data analytics infrastructure and best practices through a hands on case study, where participants will get to build their own analytics solution on real data with real business problems.

The workshops will be held in Sydney and Melbourne. No prerequisite knowledge needed – just bring your own laptop and charger. Lunch and refreshments provided.

For more information and registrations, visit DataDriven’s website.

Tuesday, February 28, 9am-6pm | TAL offices, 363 George St, Sydney

Thursday, March 2, 9am-6pm | Melbourne